EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES (LSA) DAN PEMBUATAN SIMULASI SITEM EVAKUASI PADA KAPAL PERINTIS 1200 GT MENGGUNAKAN SOFTWARE PATHFINDER

Puspaningrum, Widia Yuliati (2017) EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES (LSA) DAN PEMBUATAN SIMULASI SITEM EVAKUASI PADA KAPAL PERINTIS 1200 GT MENGGUNAKAN SOFTWARE PATHFINDER. Diploma thesis, POLITEKNIK PERKAPALAN NEGERI SURABAYA.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Kapal Perintis 1200 GT merupakan jenis passenger ship yang mulai dibangun Pada akhir tahun 2015 dan masih berlangsung hingga sekarang. Kapasitas penumpang sebanyak 398 orang dan ABK 39 orang. Kapal Perintis 1200 GT belum dilengkapi dengan perancangan sistem evakuasi keadaan darurat. Sehingga diperlukan evaluasi kesesuaian ketersediaan Life-Saving Appliances (LSA) terhadap peraturan yang berlaku dan perancangan jalur sistem evakuasi yang optimal. Evaluasi kesesuaian LSA terdiri atas lifeboats, liferafts, lifebuoys, lifejackets, dan distress flares berdasarkan regulasi SOLAS 2014 Chapter III. Peraturan tentang sistem evakuasi menggunakan IMO MSC.1/Circ.1238 2007. Pembuatan simulasi sistem evakuasi menggunakan software Pathfinder. Hasil evaluasi menyatakan adanya ketidaksesuaian beberapa item LSA. Perancangan sistem evakuasi menghasilkan luas muster station 169,22 m 2 . Letak embarkation station yang dekat lifeboats Pada deck 3 dan dekat ILR Pada deck 4. Hasil perhitungan total evacuation time (T) yaitu 58,45 menit (Case 1); 52,2 menit (Case 2); 51,48 menit (Case 3) dan 45,23 menit (Case 4). Perhitungan tersebut sudah memenuhi standar yang ditetapkan yaitu ≤ 60 menit. Dalam perhitungan manual, waktu yang digunakan untuk penumpang berkumpul di muster station (tI ) Pada primary case 541,54 detik dan simulasi 547,3 detik. Pada secondary case (tI ) sebesar 569,86 detik dan simulasi 576,4 detik. Sehingga prosentase perbandingan rata-rata sebesar 1,09%. Kata kunci : IMO MSC.1/Circ.1238, Life-Saving Appliances (LSA), passenger ship, Pathfinder, sistem evakuasi, SOLAS ABSTRACT Perintis 1200 GT ship is a type of passenger ships was firstly built at the end of 2015; and the ship making is still on progress these days. Its capacity covers approximately 398 passengers and 39 crews. However, it has not been equipped with the emergency evacuation system design yet. Therefore, conformity evaluation of LSA’s availability is required upon the existing regulation and finest design of evacuation system using IMO Intern Guidelines. The conformity evaluation of Life Saving Appliances (LSA) consists of lifeboat, liferaft, lifebuoy, lifejacket, and distress flares based on SOLAS 2014 Chapter III. The regulation of evacuation system can be found in IMO MSC.1/Circ.1238 2007. Simulation of evacuation system using with software Pathfinder. The result of evaluation states that there was incompatibility on LSA’s items. Evacuation system design took the areas of muster station around 169, 22 m 2 . The location of neighboring embarkation station with deck three was near lifeboat and on deck four was near ILR. The results of total evacuation time (T) were Case 1 lasted for 58,45 minutes, Case 2 lasted for 52,2 minutes Case 3 lasted for 51,48 minutes, and Case 4 lasted for 45,23 minutes. The calculation has been adjusted to the time standardization that was less than 60 minutes. By manual calculation, the time required by the passenger to assemble in muster station (tI ) from primary case was about 541,54 seconds and result from a simulation showed 547,3 seconds. Result on secondary case was about 569,86 seconds and the result from simulation was 576,4 seconds. The average margin of ratio 1,09%. Key Words: IMO MSC.1/Circ. 1238, Life-Saving Appliances (LSA), passenger ship, Pathfinder, evacuation system, SOLAS

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Teknik Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email repository@ppns.ac.id
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 03:56
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2018 03:56
URI: http://repository.ppns.ac.id/id/eprint/1094

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